Personal Genome Project Study Guide
Part III: Gene Expression
Lesson 7: Coding for Proteins
How many DNA base pairs are needed to encode a protein that is 20 amino acids long?
More than 100
The process of using mRNA as a template to produce a protein is known as
The function of proteins is
To build cellular structures
To act as hormones
To mediate chemical conversions
All of the above
The variation seen in a complex trait such as height
Is not due to variations in
Is partly explained by DNA
sequence variations in several
Can be entirely explained by
variations in growth hormone genes
Is explained by variation in amounts
of structural proteins produced in
Variations in the DNA sequences of intergenic regions do not affect the sequence of amino acids in proteins.
If all the exome sequence variation present in an individual were determined, most of the individual's disease risks would be revealed.